Follow us on our new Insta page »
Mizon Snail Wrinkle Care Sleeping Pack

Snail Wrinkle Care Sleeping Pack

This snail extract-based sleeping pack targets your fine lines and wrinkles while you sleep, which is when your skin is actively repairing and healing.
Uploaded by: glucosio on

Ingredients overview

Snail Secretion Filtrate, Glycerin, Water, Cetyl Ethylhexanoate, Butylene Glycol, Dipropylene Glycol, Cetearyl Alcohol, Cyclopentasiloxane, Glyceryl Stearate, [more]Hydrogenated Polydecene, Cyclohexasiloxane, Sodium Polyacrylate, Sorbitan Stearate, PEG-100 Stearate, Magnesium Aluminum Silicate, Phenoxyethanol, Carbomer, Polysorbate 80, Caprylyl Glycol, Dimethicone, Xanthan Gum, Aminomethyl Propanol, Citrus Limon (Lemon) Peel Oil, Olea Europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil, Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Oil, Adenosine, Disodium EDTA, Citrus Aurantium Bergamia (Bergamot) Fruit Oil, Cedrus Atlantica Bark Oil, Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Fruit Extract, Citrus Grandis (Grapefruit) Fruit Extract, Pinus Sylvestris Leaf Oil, Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Extract, Salvia Sclarea (Clary) Oil, Aniba Rosaeodora (Rosewood) Wood Oil, Eucalyptus Globulus Leaf Oil, Citrus Aurantifolia (Lime) Oil, Coriandrum Sativum (Coriander) Fruit Oil, Salvia Officinalis (Sage) Oil, Artemisia Absinthium Extract, Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Flower Extract, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter, Caulerpa Lentillifera Extract, Water, Sea Water, Tremella Fuciformis (Mushroom) Extract, Saccharomyces Ferment Filtrate, Vanilla Planifolia Fruit Extract, Santalum Album (Sandalwood) Oil, Propylene Glycol, Honey Extract, Aureobasidium Pullulans Ferment, Fomes Officinalis (Mushroom) Extract, Acacia Seyal Gum Extract, Pentylene Glycol, Ethyl Hexanediol, Glyceryl Caprylate, Potassium Sorbate, 1,2-Hexanediol, Glycine Max (Soybean) Seed Extract, Ethylhexylglycerin, Dioscorea Japonica Root Extract, SH-Octapeptide-4, SH-Decapeptide-7, SH-Pentapeptide-19, SH-Oligopeptide-9
[less]

Highlights

#alcohol-free
Alcohol Free

Show all ingredients by function

Other Ingredients

Skim through

Ingredient name what-it-does irr., com. ID-Rating
Snail Secretion Filtrate antioxidant, moisturizer/​humectant goodie
Glycerin skin-identical ingredient, moisturizer/​humectant 0, 0 superstar
Water solvent
Cetyl Ethylhexanoate emollient
Butylene Glycol moisturizer/​humectant, solvent, viscosity controlling 0, 1
Dipropylene Glycol solvent, perfuming, viscosity controlling
Cetearyl Alcohol emollient, viscosity controlling, emulsifying, surfactant/​cleansing 1, 2
Cyclopentasiloxane emollient, solvent
Glyceryl Stearate emollient, emulsifying 0, 1-2
Hydrogenated Polydecene emollient, perfuming, solvent
Cyclohexasiloxane emollient, solvent
Sodium Polyacrylate viscosity controlling, emollient
Sorbitan Stearate emulsifying 1, 0
PEG-100 Stearate surfactant/​cleansing, emulsifying 0, 0
Magnesium Aluminum Silicate viscosity controlling 0, 0
Phenoxyethanol preservative
Carbomer viscosity controlling 0, 1
Polysorbate 80 emulsifying, surfactant/​cleansing 0, 0
Caprylyl Glycol moisturizer/​humectant, emollient
Dimethicone emollient 0, 1
Xanthan Gum viscosity controlling, emulsifying, surfactant/​cleansing
Aminomethyl Propanol buffering
Citrus Limon (Lemon) Peel Oil perfuming icky
Olea Europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil antioxidant, emollient, perfuming 0, 0-2 goodie
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Oil perfuming icky
Adenosine cell-communicating ingredient goodie
Disodium EDTA chelating, viscosity controlling
Citrus Aurantium Bergamia (Bergamot) Fruit Oil perfuming icky
Cedrus Atlantica Bark Oil perfuming
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Fruit Extract
Citrus Grandis (Grapefruit) Fruit Extract perfuming
Pinus Sylvestris Leaf Oil
Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Extract
Salvia Sclarea (Clary) Oil
Aniba Rosaeodora (Rosewood) Wood Oil perfuming
Eucalyptus Globulus Leaf Oil perfuming, antimicrobial/​antibacterial icky
Citrus Aurantifolia (Lime) Oil surfactant/​cleansing, perfuming icky
Coriandrum Sativum (Coriander) Fruit Oil perfuming
Salvia Officinalis (Sage) Oil
Artemisia Absinthium Extract
Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Flower Extract soothing, antioxidant 0, 0 goodie
Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter emollient, viscosity controlling goodie
Caulerpa Lentillifera Extract
Water solvent
Sea Water moisturizer/​humectant, solvent
Tremella Fuciformis (Mushroom) Extract moisturizer/​humectant goodie
Saccharomyces Ferment Filtrate soothing, moisturizer/​humectant goodie
Vanilla Planifolia Fruit Extract
Santalum Album (Sandalwood) Oil
Propylene Glycol moisturizer/​humectant, solvent, viscosity controlling 0, 0
Honey Extract moisturizer/​humectant goodie
Aureobasidium Pullulans Ferment
Fomes Officinalis (Mushroom) Extract
Acacia Seyal Gum Extract moisturizer/​humectant
Pentylene Glycol solvent, moisturizer/​humectant
Ethyl Hexanediol solvent
Glyceryl Caprylate emollient, emulsifying
Potassium Sorbate preservative
1,2-Hexanediol solvent
Glycine Max (Soybean) Seed Extract
Ethylhexylglycerin preservative
Dioscorea Japonica Root Extract
SH-Octapeptide-4 cell-communicating ingredient, antioxidant, chelating goodie
SH-Decapeptide-7 cell-communicating ingredient, antioxidant, buffering, chelating goodie
SH-Pentapeptide-19
SH-Oligopeptide-9 moisturizer/​humectant

Mizon Snail Wrinkle Care Sleeping Pack
Ingredients explained

Also-called: Snail Slime, Snail Mucin | What-it-does: antioxidant, moisturizer/humectant

If you are into the K-Beauty trend, you must have bumped into snail slime like a thousand times. Korean brands love the ingredient and tout it for its miraculous repair and hydration properties. It's claimed to be able to repair everything from dry patches, acne breakouts to signs of aging and we are happy to say that it might be just true.

So snail slime is the yucky stuff that snails (in cosmetics the secretion of Cornu Aspersum, the garden snail is used) produce when they are in stress (it's not the same as the one they secret to be able to move nicely and smoothly). As the cosmetic chemists at the Beauty Brains blog write, "chemically speaking, snail slime is a complex mixture of proteoglycans, glycosaminoglycans, glycoprotein enzymes, hyaluronic acid, copper peptides, antimicrobial peptides and trace elements including copper, zinc, and iron."   English translation equals it's loaded with a bunch of good-for-the-skin stuff.

Expand to read more

As for scientific proof that snail slime does something for the skin, we did find a couple of studies to go by. A Spanish radiation oncologist, Rafael Abad Iglesias MD discovered for the first time that snail mucin can be used to treat radiation dermatitis (skin irritation caused by radiotherapy, a form of cancer treatment). He did a clinical study with 100 patients and reported a "statistically significant clinical improvement in erythema, itching and burning pain" in the group treated with snail slime. 

A 2007 study examined the molecular basis for the great regeneration properties of the ingredient. It found that snail slime (SS) indeed does a bunch of positive things that could be the reason for its great repair abilities. First, it has serious antioxidant properties thanks to two great antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase and glutathione s-transferase. Second, SS induces fibroblast proliferation, that's particularly important during wound healing. Third SS was also found to downregulate MMP, an evil enzyme that's out there to destroy skin-firming collagen. These properties add up to give SS not only wound healing and regenerative properties but also serious anti-aging potential. 

Regarding anti-aging, a 2013 study in the Journal of Drugs in Dermatology examined the effect of SS on photoaged skin. The 14-week, double-blind, 25 participant study found that "there was a significant degree of improvement in fines lines", though the participants did not report a significant difference in the quality of their skin.

All in all, we think that snail slime definitely deserves the skin goodie status it already enjoys in the K-beauty space. If you have no problem with somewhat strange, yucky things or animal derived ingredients in your products, it's worth a try.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Glycerin - superstar
Also-called: Glycerol | What-it-does: skin-identical ingredient, moisturizer/humectant | Irritancy: 0 | Comedogenicity: 0
  • A natural moisturizer that’s also in our skin
  • A super common, safe, effective and cheap molecule used for more than 50 years
  • Not only a simple moisturizer but knows much more: keeps the skin lipids between our skin cells in a healthy (liquid crystal) state, protects against irritation, helps to restore barrier
  • Effective from as low as 3% with even more benefits at higher concentrations up to 20-40% (around 10% is a good usability-effectiveness sweet spot)
  • High-glycerin moisturizers are awesome for treating severely dry skin
Read all the geeky details about Glycerin here >>

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Water
Also-called: Aqua | What-it-does: solvent

Good old water, aka H2O. The most common skincare ingredient of all. You can usually find it right in the very first spot of the ingredient list, meaning it’s the biggest thing out of all the stuff that makes up the product. 

It’s mainly a solvent for ingredients that do not like to dissolve in oils but rather in water. 

Expand to read more

Once inside the skin, it hydrates, but not from the outside - putting pure water on the skin (hello long baths!) is drying. 

One more thing: the water used in cosmetics is purified and deionized (it means that almost all of the mineral ions inside it is removed). Like this, the products can stay more stable over time. 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Cetyl Ethylhexanoate
What-it-does: emollient

An odorless and colorless emollient ester (cetyl alcohol + ethylhexanoic acid) that gives a velvety and silky feel to the skin. It has great spreadability and a non-oily feel. It's a popular ingredient in makeup removers.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Butylene Glycol
What-it-does: moisturizer/humectant, solvent, viscosity controlling | Irritancy: 0 | Comedogenicity: 1

Butylene glycol, or let’s just call it BG, is a multi-tasking colorless, syrupy liquid. It’s a great pick for creating a nice feeling product.  

BG’s main job is usually to be a solvent for the other ingredients. Other tasks include helping the product to absorb faster and deeper into the skin (penetration enhancer), making the product spread nicely over the skin (slip agent), and attracting water (humectant) into the skin.

Expand to read more

It’s an ingredient whose safety hasn’t been questioned so far by anyone (at least not that we know about). BG is approved by Ecocert and is also used enthusiastically in natural products. BTW, it’s also a food additive. 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Dipropylene Glycol

A clear, colorless liquid that works as a solvent and viscosity decreasing ingredient. It also has great skin-moisturizing abilities. 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Cetearyl Alcohol
What-it-does: emollient, viscosity controlling, emulsifying, emulsion stabilising, surfactant/cleansing | Irritancy: 1 | Comedogenicity: 2

An extremely common multitasker ingredient that gives your skin a nice soft feel (emollient) and gives body to creams and lotions. It also helps to stabilize oil-water mixes (emulsions), though it does not function as an emulsifier in itself. Its typical use level in most cream type formulas is 2-3%.  

It’s a so-called fatty alcohol, a mix of cetyl and stearyl alcohol, other two emollient fatty alcohols.  Though chemically speaking, it is alcohol (as in, it has an -OH group in its molecule), its properties are totally different from the properties of low molecular weight or drying alcohols such as denat. alcohol. Fatty alcohols have a long oil-soluble (and thus emollient) tail part that makes them absolutely non-drying and non-irritating and are totally ok for the skin.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Cyclopentasiloxane
What-it-does: emollient, solvent

A super commonly used 5 unit long, cyclic structured silicone that is water-thin and does not stay on the skin but evaporates from it (called volatile silicone). Similar to other silicones, it gives skin and hair a silky, smooth feel

It's often combined with the non-volatile (i.e. stays on the skin) dimethicone as the two together form a water-resistant, breathable protective barrier on the skin without a negative tacky feel.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Glyceryl Stearate
What-it-does: emollient, emulsifying | Irritancy: 0 | Comedogenicity: 1-2

A super common, waxy, white, solid stuff that helps water and oil to mix together, gives body to creams and leaves the skin feeling soft and smooth.

Chemically speaking, it is the attachment of a glycerin molecule to the fatty acid called stearic acid. It can be produced from most vegetable oils (in oils three fatty acid molecules are attached to glycerin instead of just one like here) in a pretty simple, "green" process that is similar to soap making. It's readily biodegradable.

Expand to read more

It also occurs naturally in our body and is used as a food additive. As cosmetic chemist Colins writes it, "its safety really is beyond any doubt".

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Hydrogenated Polydecene
Also-called: Alphaflow | What-it-does: emollient, perfuming, solvent

A hydrocarbon-based emollient that can come in different viscosities from silky-light through satiny-smooth to luxurious, rich. It forms a non-occlusive film on the surface of the skin and brings gloss without greasiness to the formula. It's a very pure and hypoallergenic emollient that's also ideal for baby care products. 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Cyclohexasiloxane
What-it-does: emollient, solvent

A light-feeling, volatile (meaning it does not absorb into the skin but evaporates from it) silicone that gives skin a unique, silky and non-greasy feel. It has excellent spreading properties and leaves no oily residue or build-up. 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Sodium Polyacrylate

A superabsorbent polymer (big molecule from repeated subunits) that has crazy water binding abilities. Sometimes its referred to as "waterlock" and can absorb 100 to 1000 times its mass in water. 

As for its use in cosmetic products, it is a handy multi-tasker that thickens up water-based formulas and also has some emulsifying and emulsion stabilizing properties. 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Sorbitan Stearate
What-it-does: emulsifying | Irritancy: 1 | Comedogenicity: 0

A popular, vegetable-derived oil-loving emulsifier that helps water to mix with oil. In itself, it is suitable for water-in-oil emulsions (where water droplets are dispersed in oil), but it is more often used as a co-emulsifier next to other, water-loving emulsifiers. 

Chemically speaking, it comes from the attachment of sorbitan (a dehydrated sorbitol (sugar) molecule) with the fatty acid Stearic Acid, that creates a partly water (the sorbitan part) and partly oil soluble (stearic part) molecule. 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
PEG-100 Stearate
What-it-does: surfactant/cleansing, emulsifying | Irritancy: 0 | Comedogenicity: 0

A very common water-loving surfactant and emulsifier that helps to keep water and oil mixed nicely together. 

It's often paired with glyceryl stearate - the two together form a super effective emulsifier duo that's salt and acid tolerant and works over a wide pH range. It also gives a "pleasing product aesthetics", so no wonder it's popular.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Magnesium Aluminum Silicate
What-it-does: viscosity controlling, absorbent/mattifier | Irritancy: 0 | Comedogenicity: 0

A type of clay mineral that works as a nice helper ingredient to thicken and stabilize formulas. As a clay, it consists of platelets that have a negative charge on the surface (face) and a positive on the edge. So the face of one platelet attracts the edge of the other and this builds a so-called "house of card" structure meaning that Magnesium Aluminum Silicate (MAS) thickens up products and helps to suspend non-soluble particles such as color pigments or inorganic sunscreens (zinc oxide and titanium dioxide).

As the "house of card" structure takes some time to form but collapses quickly if the formula is stirred, products thickened with MAS can be thick in the jar but become easily spreadable upon application (called thixotropy). MAS also gives nice sensory properties, it is not tacky or sticky and gives a rich, creamy skin feel. Also a good team player and works in synergy with other thickeners such as Cellulose Gum or Xanthan Gum

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Phenoxyethanol
What-it-does: preservative

It’s pretty much the current IT-preservative. It’s safe and gentle, but even more importantly, it’s not a feared-by-everyone-mostly-without-scientific-reason paraben.

It’s not something new: it was introduced around 1950 and today it can be used up to 1% worldwide. It can be found in nature - in green tea - but the version used in cosmetics is synthetic. 

Expand to read more

Other than having a good safety profile and being quite gentle to the skin it has some other advantages too. It can be used in many types of formulations as it has great thermal stability (can be heated up to 85°C) and works on a wide range of pH levels (ph 3-10). 

It’s often used together with ethylhexylglycerin as it nicely improves the preservative activity of phenoxyethanol.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Carbomer
What-it-does: viscosity controlling, emulsion stabilising | Irritancy: 0 | Comedogenicity: 1

A big molecule created from repeated subunits (a polymer of acrylic acid) that magically converts a liquid into a nice gel formula.  It usually has to be neutralized with a base (such as sodium hydroxide) for the thickening to occur and it creates viscous, clear gels that also feel nice and non-tacky on the skin. No wonder, it is a very popular and common ingredient.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Polysorbate 80
What-it-does: emulsifying, surfactant/cleansing | Irritancy: 0 | Comedogenicity: 0

A common little helper ingredient that helps water and oil to mix together, aka emulsifier. 

The number at the end refers to the oil-loving part and the bigger the number  the more emulsifying power it has. 20 is a weak emulsifier, rather called solubilizer used commonly in toners while 60 and 80 are more common in serums and creams.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Caprylyl Glycol

It’s a handy multi-tasking ingredient that gives the skin a nice, soft feel. At the same time, it also boosts the effectiveness of other preservatives, such as the nowadays super commonly used phenoxyethanol

The blend of these two (caprylyl glycol + phenoxyethanol) is called Optiphen, which not only helps to keep your cosmetics free from nasty things for a long time but also gives a good feel to the finished product. It's a popular duo.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Dimethicone
What-it-does: emollient | Irritancy: 0 | Comedogenicity: 1

Probably the most common silicone of all. It is a polymer (created from repeating subunits) molecule and has different molecular weight and thus different viscosity versions from water-light to thick liquid.

As for skincare, it makes the skin silky smooth, creates a subtle gloss and forms a protective barrier (aka occlusive). Also, works well to fill in fine lines and wrinkles and give skin a plump look (of course that is only temporary, but still, it's nice). There are also scar treatment gels out there using dimethicone as their base ingredient. It helps to soften scars and increase their elasticity. 

Expand to read more

As for hair care, it is a non-volatile silicone meaning that it stays on the hair rather than evaporates from it and smoothes the hair like no other thing. Depending on your hair type, it can be a bit difficult to wash out and might cause some build-up (btw, this is not true to all silicones, only the non-volatile types). 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Xanthan Gum

It's one of the most commonly used thickeners and emulsion stabilizers. If the product is too runny, a little xanthan gum will make it more gel-like. Used alone, it can make the formula sticky and it is a good team player so it is usually combined with other thickeners and so-called rheology modifiers (helper ingredients that adjust the flow and thus the feel of the formula). The typical use level of Xantha Gum is below 1%, it is usually in the 0.1-0.5% range. 

Btw, Xanthan gum is all natural, a chain of sugar molecules (polysaccharide) produced from individual sugar molecules (glucose and sucrose) via fermentation. It’s approved by Ecocert and also used in the food industry (E415). 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Aminomethyl Propanol
What-it-does: buffering

An alkaline (high pH, aka basic) material that is used to set the pH of the cosmetic formula to the right value

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Citrus Limon (Lemon) Peel Oil - icky
Also-called: Lemon Peel Oil | What-it-does: perfuming

The essential oil coming from the rind of the lemon that we make (or should make) lemonade from. In general, there are two problems with citrus peel oils: first, they are essentially the fragrant component, limonene in disguise (they are about 85-98% limonene).

Second, they contain the problematic compounds called furanocoumarins that make them mildly phototoxic. Lemon peel contains a medium amount of them, more than sweet orange but less than bergamot. Be careful with it especially if it is in a product for daytime use.  

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Olea Europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil - goodie
Also-called: Olive Fruit Oil | What-it-does: antioxidant, emollient, perfuming | Irritancy: 0 | Comedogenicity: 0-2

You probably know olive oil from the kitchen as a great and healthy option for salad dressing but it's also a great and healthy option to moisturize and nourish the skin, especially if it's on the dry side. 

Similar to other emollient plant oils, it's loaded with nourishing fatty acids: oleic is the main component (55-83%), and also contains linoleic (3.5-20%) and palmitic acids (7-20%). It also contains antioxidant polyphenols, tocopherols (types of vitamin E) and carotenoids and it's one of the best plant sources of skin-identical emollient, Squalene

Expand to read more

Overall, a great option for dry skin but less so for acne-prone or damaged skin.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Oil - icky
Also-called: Orange Oil | What-it-does: perfuming

The essential oil coming from the sweet orange. In the case of orange (and citruses in general), the essential oil is mainly in the peel of the fruit, so it's pretty much the same as the orange peel oil (also has the same CAS number - a unique ID assigned to chemicals).

Its main component is limonene (up to 97%), a super common fragrant ingredient that makes everything smell nice (but counts as a frequent skin sensitizer). 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Adenosine - goodie

Adenosine is an important little compound in our body that has a vital cell-signalling role. Research on smearing it on our face is also promising and shows so far a couple of things:

  • It can help with wound healing
  • It’s a good anti-inflammatory agent
  • It might even help with skin’s own collagen production and improve skin firmness and elasticity
  • It helps with barrier repair and protection
  • It might be even useful for the hair helping with hair thickness and hair growth
We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Disodium EDTA

Super common little helper ingredient that helps products to remain nice and stable for a longer time. It does so by neutralizing the metal ions in the formula (that usually get into there from water) that would otherwise cause some not so nice changes.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Citrus Aurantium Bergamia (Bergamot) Fruit Oil - icky
Also-called: Bergamot Fruit Oil | What-it-does: perfuming

The essential oil coming from the fruit (probably the rind) of the bergamot orange.  It's a common top note in perfumes and contains (among others) fragrant compounds limonene (37%), linalyl acetate (30%) and linalool (8.8%). 

A well-known issue with bergamot oil (apart from the fragrance allergens) is that it contains phototoxic compounds called furanocoumarins, but more and more commonly furanocoumarin-free versions are used in cosmetic products. Still, if you have sensitive skin and prefer fragrance-free products, bergamot oil is not for you.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Cedrus Atlantica Bark Oil
What-it-does: perfuming

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Fruit Extract
Also-called: Orange Fruit Extract

We have to start by writing that there are about 900 citrus species in the world, and plenty of them are used to make different kinds of extracts used in cosmetics. This particular one, Citrus Aurantium Dulcis Fruit Extract is a very common ingredient, however, the species "Citrus Aurantium Dulcis" seem to exist only on ingredient lists and the real world calls this guy Citrus Sinensis or, you know, orange. 

To complicate matters further, there are lots of varieties and lots of extraction methods, so it is a bit hard to know what you are getting with this one, but we will try our best to summarize the possibilities. 

Expand to read more

A very common scenario is that  Citrus Aurantium Dulcis Fruit Extract is on the ingredient list for its mild, natural exfoliant properties. It contains mainly citric acid and some malic acid, AHA exfoliants known for their skin renewing properties. If that's the case, it is usually combined with other AHA containing fruits such as bilberry, sugar cane, lemon, and sugar maple in a super popular ingredient mix trade named ACB Fruit Mix.

But orange fruit is loaded with lots of other active compounds with a wide variety of possible effects. A well-known one is the antioxidant vitamin C, aka ascorbic acid, but the dosage will vary based on the extraction method, and it’s possible that some of the ascorbic acid content will degrade before extraction process even takes place. If you want vitamin C in your skincare, that is smart, but do not rely on orange fruit extract for it.

Flavonoids (hesperidin, naringin, luteolin, and ferulic acid) are also nice active compounds with possible antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and vasoprotective effects. Some of them (namely hesperidin and luteolin) might even have skin brightening activity by inhibiting tyrosinase, the famous enzyme needed for melanin production.

The orange extract also contains carbohydrates, aka sugars (mostly glucose, fructose, and sucrose, but also some bigger polysaccharides such as pectin) giving the ingredient some moisturizing properties.

Some essential oil content is usually also present in citrus fruit extracts, which means a nice scent and antibacterial properties, but also some questionable compounds such as fragrance allergen limonene or phototoxic compound bergaptene. If the amount is big enough to worry about is questionable, probably not, however, the same question applies to all the nice beneficial compounds. 

Overall, we think that the orange fruit extract is a very complex ingredient with lots of potentially good things in it, but we could not find proper in-vivo (made on real people) studies made with standardized extracts to validate what it really does or does not under real-world use cases. 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Citrus Grandis (Grapefruit) Fruit Extract
What-it-does: astringent, perfuming

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Pinus Sylvestris Leaf Oil

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Extract
Also-called: Lavender

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Salvia Sclarea (Clary) Oil
Also-called: Clary Sage Oil

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Aniba Rosaeodora (Rosewood) Wood Oil
What-it-does: perfuming, astringent

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Eucalyptus Globulus Leaf Oil - icky
Also-called: Eucalyptus Essential Oil | What-it-does: perfuming, antimicrobial/antibacterial

The essential oil created by steam distilling the leaves of the Eucalyptus tree. It's a colorless, pale yellow oil with a camphoraceous aroma used traditionally in vapor rubs to treat coughs. Its name-giving main component is eucalyptol (also called 1,8-cineole, 80-91%) that has significant antibacterial and expectorant properties.   

Among essential oils, Eucalyptus Globulus counts as rather non-sensitising with an EU sensitizer total of 5% (due to limonene). However, if your skin is super-sensitive or you are allergic to fragrances, it is still better to avoid it. 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Citrus Aurantifolia (Lime) Oil - icky
Also-called: Lime Oil | What-it-does: surfactant/cleansing, perfuming

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Coriandrum Sativum (Coriander) Fruit Oil
What-it-does: perfuming

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Salvia Officinalis (Sage) Oil

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Artemisia Absinthium Extract

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Flower Extract - goodie
Also-called: German Chamomile Flower Extract | What-it-does: soothing, antioxidant | Irritancy: 0 | Comedogenicity: 0

Chamomile probably needs no introduction as it's one of the most widely used medicinal herbs. You probably drink it regularly as a nice, calming cup of tea and it's also a regular on skincare ingredient lists.

Cosmetic companies use it mainly for its anti-inflammatory properties. It contains the terpenoids chamazulene and bisabolol both of which show great anti-inflammatory action in animal studies. On top of that chamomile also has some antioxidant activity (thanks to some other active ingredients called matricine, apigenin and luteolin).  

Expand to read more

Though chamomile is usually a goodie for the skin, it's also not uncommon to have an allergic reaction to it. 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter - goodie
Also-called: Shea Butter | What-it-does: emollient, viscosity controlling

Unless you live under a rock you must have heard about shea butter. It's probably the most hyped up natural butter in skincare today. It comes from the seeds of African Shea or Karite Trees and used as a magic moisturizer and emollient.

But it's not only a simple emollient, it regenerates and soothes the skin, protects it from external factors (such as UV rays or wind) and is also rich in antioxidants (among others vitamin A, E, F, quercetin and epigallocatechin gallate). If you are looking for rich emollient benefits + more, shea is hard to beat. 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Caulerpa Lentillifera Extract

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Water
Also-called: Aqua | What-it-does: solvent

Good old water, aka H2O. The most common skincare ingredient of all. You can usually find it right in the very first spot of the ingredient list, meaning it’s the biggest thing out of all the stuff that makes up the product. 

It’s mainly a solvent for ingredients that do not like to dissolve in oils but rather in water. 

Expand to read more

Once inside the skin, it hydrates, but not from the outside - putting pure water on the skin (hello long baths!) is drying. 

One more thing: the water used in cosmetics is purified and deionized (it means that almost all of the mineral ions inside it is removed). Like this, the products can stay more stable over time. 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Sea Water
Also-called: Maris Aqua | What-it-does: moisturizer/humectant, solvent

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Tremella Fuciformis (Mushroom) Extract - goodie
What-it-does: moisturizer/humectant

polysaccharide (a big sugar molecule) coming from the edible fruit bodies of the Silver Ear mushroom in China. It's claimed to be an awesome moisturizer with slightly greater water-holding capacities than HA. We wrote more about Tremella here >> 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Saccharomyces Ferment Filtrate - goodie

Saccharomyces Ferment Filtrate is the fancy name of a liquidy, almost-water-like stuff that you get by fermenting and filtering yeast. 

According to manufacturer info it’s rich in all kinds of good-for-your-skin things: essential minerals, amino acids, beta-glucan and vitamins. It’s definitely great for skin moisturization and soothing, and might have some skin brightening and wrinkle repair magic activity as well. 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Vanilla Planifolia Fruit Extract

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Santalum Album (Sandalwood) Oil
Also-called: Sandalwood Oil

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Propylene Glycol
What-it-does: moisturizer/humectant, solvent, viscosity controlling | Irritancy: 0 | Comedogenicity: 0
  • It's a helper ingredient that improves the freeze-thaw stability of products
  • It's also a solvent, humectant and to some extent a penetration enhancer
  • It has a bad reputation among natural cosmetics advocates but cosmetic scientists and toxicology experts do not agree (read more in the geeky details section)
Read all the geeky details about Propylene Glycol here >>

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Honey Extract - goodie
What-it-does: moisturizer/humectant

Usually, a glycerin or glycol based extract of honey that has similar properties to pure honey, i.e. moisturizing, soothing and antibacterial magic properties.

If you wanna know more about honey in cosmetics, we have a shiny explanation here >>

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Aureobasidium Pullulans Ferment

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Fomes Officinalis (Mushroom) Extract

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Acacia Seyal Gum Extract
What-it-does: moisturizer/humectant

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Pentylene Glycol

A multi-functional, silky feeling helper ingredient that can do quite many things. It's used as an emulsion stabilizer, solvent and a broad spectrum antimicrobial. According to manufacturer info, it's also a moisturizer and helps to make the product feel great on the skin. It works synergistically with preservatives and helps to improve water-resistance of sunscreens. 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Ethyl Hexanediol
What-it-does: solvent

A colorless, slightly viscous liquid that, similar to other glycols, is used as a solvent in cosmetic products. Its recommended concentration is less than 5%. 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Glyceryl Caprylate
What-it-does: emollient, emulsifying

A 100% plant derived, natural (Ecocert approved) multi-functional ingredient that has emollient and moisturizing properties, can work as a co-emulsifier (meaning that next to other emulsifiers it can help water and oil to mix)  and even more importantly has a strong antimicrobial activity

Thanks to this last thing, it allows a lower percentage of traditional preservative or it might even be able to completely replace them. 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Potassium Sorbate
What-it-does: preservative

It's one of those things that help your cosmetics not to go wrong too soon, aka a preservative. It’s not a strong one and doesn’t really work against bacteria, but more against mold and yeast. To do that it has to break down to its active form, sorbic acid. For that to happen, there has to be water in the product and the right pH value (pH 3-4). 

But even if everything is right, it’s not enough on its own. If you see potassium sorbate you should see some other preservative next to it too.

Expand to read more

BTW, it’s also a food preservative and even has an E number, E202.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
1,2-Hexanediol
What-it-does: solvent

A really multi-functional helper ingredient that can do several things in a skincare product: it can bring a soft and pleasant feel to the formula, it can act as a humectant and emollient, it can be a solvent for some other ingredients (for example it can help to stabilize perfumes in watery products) and it can also help to disperse pigments more evenly in makeup products. And that is still not all: it can also boost the antimicrobial activity of preservatives

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Glycine Max (Soybean) Seed Extract
Also-called: Black Soybean Extract

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Ethylhexylglycerin
What-it-does: preservative, deodorant

If you have spotted ethylhexylglycerin on the ingredient list, most probably you will see there also the current IT-preservative, phenoxyethanol. They are good friends because ethylhexylglycerin can boost the effectiveness of phenoxyethanol (and other preservatives) and as an added bonus it feels nice on the skin too.

Also, it's an effective deodorant and a medium spreading emollient

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
Dioscorea Japonica Root Extract

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
SH-Octapeptide-4 - goodie
Also-called: Neuropeptide-1, Neurovax | What-it-does: cell-communicating ingredient, antioxidant, chelating

A high-tech, South-Korean peptide that's made synthetically to be identical to the protein called Leu-Enkephalin. It's an 8 amino acid neuropeptide that helps the body to regulate how it responds to harmful things (like heat, cold, cutting or irritation). 

In general, neuropeptides are believed to be important in wound-healing and the manufacturer claims that Sh-Octapeptide-4 has strong anti-aging and anti-wrinkle effect as well as rejuvenating effect on aged hair tissue and follicles. 

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
SH-Decapeptide-7 - goodie
Also-called: Neuropeptide-2, Neuromatrix | What-it-does: cell-communicating ingredient, antioxidant, buffering, chelating

A high-tech, South-Korean peptide that's made synthetically to be identical to the protein called Met-Enkephalin. It's a 10 amino acid neuropeptide that helps the body to regulate how it responds to harmful things (like heat, cold, cutting or irritation). 

In general, neuropeptides are believed to be important in wound-healing and the manufacturer claims that Sh-Decapeptide-7 is effective for anti-aging and would-healing skincare.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
SH-Pentapeptide-19

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

We have automatically inserted a comma between this and the previous ingredient.
SH-Oligopeptide-9
What-it-does: moisturizer/humectant

We don't have description for this ingredient yet.

You may also want to take a look at...

what‑it‑does antioxidant | moisturizer/humectant
If you are into the K-Beauty trend, you must have bumped into snail slime like a thousand times. Korean brands love the ingredient and tout it for its miraculous repair and hydration properties. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does skin-identical ingredient | moisturizer/humectant
irritancy, com. 0, 0
A real oldie but a goodie. Great natural moisturizer and skin-identical ingredient that plays an important role in skin hydration and general skin health. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does solvent
Normal (well kind of - it's purified and deionized) water. Usually the main solvent in cosmetic products. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does emollient
An odorless and colorless emollient ester that gives a velvety and silky feel to the skin. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does moisturizer/humectant | solvent | viscosity controlling
irritancy, com. 0, 1
An often used glycol that works as a solvent, humectant, penetration enhancer and also gives a good slip to the products. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does solvent | perfuming | viscosity controlling
A clear, colorless liquid that works as a solvent and viscosity decreasing ingredient. It also has great skin-moisturizing abilities.  [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does emollient | viscosity controlling | emulsifying | surfactant/cleansing
irritancy, com. 1, 2
A super common multitasker ingredient that gives your skin a nice soft feel (emollient) and gives body to creams. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does emollient | solvent
It's a super commonly used water-thin volatile silicone that gives skin and hair a silky, smooth feel.  [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does emollient | emulsifying
irritancy, com. 0, 1-2
Waxy, white, solid stuff that helps water and oil to mix together and leaves the skin feeling soft and smooth. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does emollient | perfuming | solvent
A hydrocarbon-based emollient that can come in different viscosities from silky-light to luxurious, rich. It forms a non-occlusive film on the surface of the skin. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does emollient | solvent
A light-feeling, volatile silicone that gives skin a unique, silky and non-greasy feel. It has excellent spreading properties and leaves no oily residue or build-up. 
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does viscosity controlling | emollient
A big polymer (a molecule from repeated subunits) with crazy water binding abilities. Used as a thickening and emulsion stabilizing agent. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does emulsifying
irritancy, com. 1, 0
A popular, vegetable-derived oil-loving emulsifier that helps water to mix with oil. In itself, it is suitable for water-in-oil emulsions (where water droplets are dispersed in oil), but it is more often used as a co-emulsifier next to other, water-loving emulsifiers.  Chemically speaking, it comes from the attachment of sorbitan (a dehydrated sorbitol (sugar) molecule) with the fatty [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does surfactant/cleansing | emulsifying
irritancy, com. 0, 0
A commonly used water-soluble surfactant and emulsifier. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does viscosity controlling
irritancy, com. 0, 0
A type of clay mineral that works as a nice helper ingredient to thicken and stabilize formulas. As a clay, it consists of platelets that have a negative charge on the surface (face) and a positive on the edge. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does preservative
Pretty much the current IT-preservative. It’s safe and gentle, and can be used up to 1% worldwide. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does viscosity controlling
irritancy, com. 0, 1
A handy white powder that magically converts a liquid into a nice gel formula. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does emulsifying | surfactant/cleansing
irritancy, com. 0, 0
A common little helper ingredient that helps water and oil to mix together, aka emulsifier. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does moisturizer/humectant | emollient
A handy multi-tasking ingredient that gives the skin a nice, soft feel and also boosts the effectiveness of other preservatives. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does emollient
irritancy, com. 0, 1
A very common silicone that gives both skin and hair a silky smooth feel. It also forms a protective barrier on the skin and fills in fine lines. Also used for scar treatment. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does viscosity controlling | emulsifying | surfactant/cleansing
A super commonly used thickener and emulsion stabilizer. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does buffering
An alkaline (high pH, aka basic) material that is used to set the pH of the cosmetic formula to the right value.  [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does perfuming
The essential oil coming from the rind of the lemon. Its main component (83-97%) is limonene, the super common fragrant ingredient. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does antioxidant | emollient | perfuming
irritancy, com. 0, 0-2
Olive oil - an oleic acid-rich (55-83%) emollient plant oil that can moisturize dry skin. Also, it contains antioxidant polyphenols and vitamin E. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does perfuming
The essential oil coming from the sweet orange. Its main component is limonene (up to 97%), a super common fragrant ingredient that makes everything smell nice. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does cell-communicating ingredient
An important compound in our body that has a vital cell-signalling role. It is wound healing, anti-inflammatory and can help with barrier repair. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does chelating | viscosity controlling
Super common little helper ingredient that helps products to remain nice and stable for a longer time. It does so by neutralizing the metal ions in the formula (that usually get into there from water) that would otherwise cause some not so nice changes. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does perfuming
The essential oil coming from the fruit (probably the rind) of the bergamot orange.  It's a common top note in perfumes and contains (among others) fragrant compounds limonene (37%), linalyl acetate (30%) and linalool (8.8%).  A well-known issue with bergamot oil (apart from the fragrance allergens) is that it contains phototoxic  [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does perfuming
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
We have to start by writing that there are about 900 citrus species in the world, and plenty of them are used to make different kinds of extracts used in cosmetics. This particular one, Citrus Aurantium Dulcis Fruit Extract is a very common ingredient, however, the species "Citrus Aurantium Dulcis" [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does perfuming
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does perfuming
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does perfuming | antimicrobial/antibacterial
The essential oil created by steam distilling the leaves of the Eucalyptus tree. It's a colorless, pale yellow oil with a camphoraceous aroma used traditionally in vapor rubs to treat coughs. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does surfactant/cleansing | perfuming
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does perfuming
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does soothing | antioxidant
irritancy, com. 0, 0
Chamomile extract - has great anti-inflammatory and some antioxidant properties. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does emollient | viscosity controlling
Shea butter that's considered to be a magic moisturizer and emollient. It is also soothing and rich in antioxidants. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does solvent
Normal (well kind of - it's purified and deionized) water. Usually the main solvent in cosmetic products. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does moisturizer/humectant | solvent
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does moisturizer/humectant
A polysaccharide (a big sugar molecule) coming from the edible fruit bodies of the Silver Ear mushroom in China. It's claimed to be an awesome moisturizer with slightly greater water-holding capacities than HA. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does soothing | moisturizer/humectant
A liquidy, almost-water-like stuff that you get by fermenting and filtering yeast. It's rich in essential minerals, amino acids, beta-glucan and vitamins. It’s great for skin moisturization and soothing. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does moisturizer/humectant | solvent | viscosity controlling
irritancy, com. 0, 0
A common glycol that improves the freeze-thaw stability of products. It's also a solvent, humectant and to some extent a penetration enhancer. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does moisturizer/humectant
Usually, a glycerin or glycol based extract of honey that has similar properties to pure honey, i.e. moisturizing, soothing and antibacterial magic properties. If you wanna know more about honey in cosmetics, we have a shiny explanation here >> [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does moisturizer/humectant
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does solvent | moisturizer/humectant
A multi-functional, silky feeling helper ingredient that can do quite many things. It's used as an emulsion stabilizer, solvent, and a broad spectrum antimicrobial. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does solvent
A colorless, slightly viscous liquid that, similar to other glycols, is used as a solvent in cosmetic products. Its recommended concentration is less than 5%.  [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does emollient | emulsifying
A natural multi-functional ingredient that has emollient and moisturizing properties, can work as a co-emulsifier and has a strong antimicrobial activity. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does preservative
A not so strong preservative that doesn’t really work against bacteria, but more against mold and yeast. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does solvent
A multi-functional helper ingredient that acts as a humectant and emollient. It's also a solvent and can boost the effectiveness of preservatives. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does preservative
It can boost the effectiveness of phenoxyethanol (and other preservatives) and as an added bonus it feels nice on the skin too. [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does cell-communicating ingredient | antioxidant | chelating
A high-tech, South-Korean peptide that's made synthetically to be identical to the protein called Leu-Enkephalin. It's an 8 amino acid neuropeptide that helps the body to regulate how it responds to harmful things (like heat, cold, cutting or irritation).  In general, neuropeptides are believed to be  [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does cell-communicating ingredient | antioxidant | buffering | chelating
A high-tech, South-Korean peptide that's made synthetically to be identical to the protein called Met-Enkephalin. It's a 10 amino acid neuropeptide that helps the body to regulate how it responds to harmful things (like heat, cold, cutting or irritation).  In general, neuropeptides are believed to be important in wound-healing  [more]
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
We have automatically inserted a comma between the previous and the next ingredient.
what‑it‑does moisturizer/humectant