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Citrus Aurantium Dulcis Fruit Extract

Also-called-like-this: Orange Fruit Extract

Details

We have to start by writing that there are about 900 citrus species in the world, and plenty of them are used to make different kinds of extracts used in cosmetics. This particular one, Citrus Aurantium Dulcis Fruit Extract is a very common ingredient, however, the species "Citrus Aurantium Dulcis" seem to exist only on ingredient lists and the real world calls this guy Citrus Sinensis or, you know, orange. 

To complicate matters further, there are lots of varieties and lots of extraction methods, so it is a bit hard to know what you are getting with this one, but we will try our best to summarize the possibilities. 

A very common scenario is that  Citrus Aurantium Dulcis Fruit Extract is on the ingredient list for its mild, natural exfoliant properties. It contains mainly citric acid and some malic acid, AHA exfoliants known for their skin renewing properties. If that's the case, it is usually combined with other AHA containing fruits such as bilberry, sugar cane, lemon, and sugar maple in a super popular ingredient mix trade named ACB Fruit Mix.

But orange fruit is loaded with lots of other active compounds with a wide variety of possible effects. A well-known one is the antioxidant vitamin C, aka ascorbic acid, but the dosage will vary based on the extraction method, and it’s possible that some of the ascorbic acid content will degrade before extraction process even takes place. If you want vitamin C in your skincare, that is smart, but do not rely on orange fruit extract for it.

Flavonoids (hesperidin, naringin, luteolin, and ferulic acid) are also nice active compounds with possible antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and vasoprotective effects. Some of them (namely hesperidin and luteolin) might even have skin brightening activity by inhibiting tyrosinase, the famous enzyme needed for melanin production.

The orange extract also contains carbohydrates, aka sugars (mostly glucose, fructose, and sucrose, but also some bigger polysaccharides such as pectin) giving the ingredient some moisturizing properties.

Some essential oil content is usually also present in citrus fruit extracts, which means a nice scent and antibacterial properties, but also some questionable compounds such as fragrance allergen limonene or phototoxic compound bergaptene. If the amount is big enough to worry about is questionable, probably not, however, the same question applies to all the nice beneficial compounds. 

Overall, we think that the orange fruit extract is a very complex ingredient with lots of potentially good things in it, but we could not find proper in-vivo (made on real people) studies made with standardized extracts to validate what it really does or does not under real-world use cases. 

Show me some proof

  • “ACB Fruit Mix Technical Data Sheet.” Active Concepts LLC, 2016.
  • Kelebek, Hasim, Serkan Selli, Ahmet Canbas, and Turgut Cabaroglu. 2009. “HPLC Determination of Organic Acids, Sugars, Phenolic Compositions and Antioxidant Capacity of Orange Juice and Orange Wine Made from a Turkish Cv. Kozan.” Microchemical Journal 91 (2): 187–92.
  • Maeda, E. E., and D. M. D. N. Mussa. 1986. “The Stability of Vitamin C (l-Ascorbic Acid) in Bottled and Canned Orange Juice.” Food Chemistry 22 (1): 51–58.
  • Provital, ORANGE EXTRACT GNBN, Extended technical documentation

Products with Citrus Aurantium Dulcis Fruit Extract

Bring Green Orange Pore Cream Dr. Scheller Anti-Wrinkle Intensive Serum, Argan & Amaranth SON & PARK Beauty Water Ahava Facial Renewal Peel Blithe Patting Splash Mask - Soothing & Healing Green Tea January Labs Daily Brightening Tonic Nude Perfect Cleanse Omega Cleansing Jelly Ren V-Cense Revitalising Night Cream Meishoku Detclear Bright & Peel Hot Cleansing Gel Cream Fresh Vitamin C Antioxidant Glow Face Mist Heimish Refresh Water LACURA Daily Cleansing Pads MUSTUS Daily Harvest Squeeze Energy Up Mask Perricone MD Exfoliating Pore Refiner Superdrug Naturally Radiant Glycolic Acid Pads Biologique Recherche L'Eauxygenante Clean Kids Naturally Tropical Orange Burst Shampoo Goodal Green Tangerine Moist Mist Toner LANEIGE Clear C Peeling Serum Nanowhite Refining Treatment Toner Ole Henriksen Truth Serum Sephora Glow Peel Pads Superdrug Naturally Radiant Glycolic Overnight Peel Acure Incredibly Clear Acne Spot Equilibra Crema Viso Karitè STEAMCREAM original Serious Skincare Creamerum Evolve Cream/Serum Blended Facial Beauty Treatment SkinMedica Aha/Bha Exfoliating Cleanser SkinMedica Rejuvenative Toner The Inkey List Alpha Hydroxy Acid Carbon Theory Facial Purifying Tonic Corpa Flora Antidote H+ Herbivore Botanicals Prism 12% Aha + 3% Bha Exfoliating Glow Serum Holika Holika Lazy And Easy Smooth Egg Peeling Gel Jordan Samuel Skin Plié iS Clinical GeneXC Serum Earth To Skin Super Fruits Brightening Citrus Day Cream MyChelle Fruit Enzyme Cleanser Nip+Fab Glycolic Fix Radiance Shot Ole Henriksen So Nurturing Cleansing Cloths Secret Nature [Deep Moisturizing] Green Tea Mask Sheet Troiareuke Akne-C Ampoule elf Water Droplet Balm Alba Botanica Good & Clean Pore Purifying Mini Peel Dermalogica Daily Resurfacer Epionce Lytic Gel Cleanser Fourth Ray Keep Clear Clarifying Toner IOPE Pro Peeling Enzyme Wash LEEGEEHAAM Tea Tree 70 Bha Toner Leaders Daily Wonders What Happened Last Night Cleansing Oil