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Sodium Chloride

Also-called-like-this: Salt
What-it-does: viscosity controlling

Details

Sodium chloride is the fancy name of salt. Normal, everyday table salt

If (similar to us) you are in the weird habit of reading the label on your shower gel while taking a shower, you might have noticed that sodium chloride is almost always on the ingredient list. The reason for this is that salt acts as a fantastic thickener in cleansing formulas created with ionic cleansing agents (aka surfactants) such as Sodium Laureth Sulfate. A couple of percents (typically 1-3%) turns a runny surfactant solution into a nice gel texture.

If you are into chemistry (if not, we understand, just skip this paragraph), the reason is that electrolytes (you know, the Na+ and Cl- ions) screen the electrostatic repulsion between the head groups of ionic surfactants and thus support the formation of long shaped micelles (instead of spherical ones) that entangle like spaghetti, and viola, a gel is formed. However, too much of it causes the phenomenon called "salting out", and the surfactant solution goes runny again. 

Other than that, salt also works as an emulsion stabilizer in water-in-oil emulsions, that is when water droplets are dispersed in the outer oil (or silicone) phase. And last but not least, when salt is right at the first spot of the ingredient list (and is not dissolved), the product is usually a body scrub where salt is the physical exfoliating agent

Products with Sodium Chloride

Beauty Pie Super Healthy Skin™ Nourishing Body Polish Bione Cosmetics Cannabis Bath Salt With Dead Sea Minerals Christophe Robin Cleansing Purifying Scrub With Sea Salt Desert Essence Nourishing Body Scrub Designer Brands Glow Glittering Sugar Scrub Dr. Teal's Restore & Replenish Pink Himalayan Sea Salt Scrub Earth Harbor Citrine Sea Purifying Exfoliation Potion Goop G.Tox 5 Salt Detox Body Scrub Goop G.Tox Himalayan Salt Scalp Scrub It's Skin Madpore Scrum Foam Jafra Spa Ginger & Sea Salt Body Rub Kerastase Energizing Scrub Lush Big Shampoo Lush Ocean Salt Lush Ocean Salt Face & Body Scrub M3 Naturals Himalayan Salt Scrub MAULI RITUALS Reawaken Himalayan Hand & Body Scrub Majestic Pure Cosmeceuticals Himalayan Salt Body Scrub With Lychee Oil, Exfoliating Salt Scrub OLEHENRIKSEN Rub N’ Buff™ Transforming Salt Scrub Oblepikha Siberica Exfoliante Corporal Superdrug Pro V Volume Conditioner With Arginine The Beauty Hacks Body Scrub Rice The Body Shop Spa Of The World™ Brazilian Cupuaçu Scrub-In-Oil Tree Hut Soothing Himalayan Salt Scrub, Cherry Blossom body blitz Mint Lime Salt Scrub ikoo Cleansing Sea Salt Scalp Scrub ila-spa Body Scrub for a Blissful Experience Annique Optitoniq+ Age Defence Solution Aromatica Rosemary Scalp Scrub Bioderma Matricium Buddy scrub Bamboo And Lemon Body Scrub Dove Refreshing Body Wash With Cucumber And Green Tea Dove Relaxing Body Wash With Lavender And Chamomile EVA NYC Deeptox Exfoliating Salt Shampoo Ethique Eco-Friendly Face Cleansing Bar, In Your Face Eximia Aqua Mat Micelar ForChics Forbrow Frank Body In Your Dreams Sleep Scrub And Soak La Roche-Posay Serozinc Langé Paris Shampoo Stimulant, Hair Loss Life-flo Magnesium Body Scrub Lush Cynthia Sylvia Stout Shampoo Lush Flyway Hair Shampoo Bar Nala Coffee Scrub Pixi Makeup Melting Cleansing Cloths Pixi Pink Salt Cleansing Oil Pixi PinkSalt Cleansing Oil Rodan + Fields Microdermabrasion Paste Samson & Charlie Balancing Exfoliating Cleanser Silly George Lash Growth Serum