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Sodium Chloride

Also-called-like-this: Salt
What-it-does: viscosity controlling

Details

Sodium chloride is the fancy name of salt. Normal, everyday table salt

If (similar to us) you are in the weird habit of reading the label on your shower gel while taking a shower, you might have noticed that sodium chloride is almost always on the ingredient list. The reason for this is that salt acts as a fantastic thickener in cleansing formulas created with ionic cleansing agents (aka surfactants) such as Sodium Laureth Sulfate. A couple of percents (typically 1-3%) turns a runny surfactant solution into a nice gel texture.

If you are into chemistry (if not, we understand, just skip this paragraph), the reason is that electrolytes (you know, the Na+ and Cl- ions) screen the electrostatic repulsion between the head groups of ionic surfactants and thus support the formation of long shaped micelles (instead of spherical ones) that entangle like spaghetti, and viola, a gel is formed. However, too much of it causes the phenomenon called "salting out", and the surfactant solution goes runny again. 

Other than that, salt also works as an emulsion stabilizer in water-in-oil emulsions, that is when water droplets are dispersed in the outer oil (or silicone) phase. And last but not least, when salt is right at the first spot of the ingredient list (and is not dissolved), the product is usually a body scrub where salt is the physical exfoliating agent

Products with Sodium Chloride

Beauty Pie Super Healthy Skin™ Nourishing Body Polish Christophe Robin Cleansing Purifying Scrub With Sea Salt Goop G.Tox Himalayan Salt Scalp Scrub Lush Big Shampoo Lush Ocean Salt Face & Body Scrub MAULI RITUALS Reawaken Himalayan Hand & Body Scrub OLEHENRIKSEN Rub N’ Buff™ Transforming Salt Scrub The Beauty Hacks Body Scrub Rice The Body Shop Spa Of The World™ Brazilian Cupuaçu Scrub-In-Oil ila-spa Body Scrub for a Blissful Experience Annique Optitoniq+ Age Defence Solution Bioderma Matricium Ethique Eco-Friendly Face Cleansing Bar, In Your Face La Roche-Posay Serozinc Pixi Makeup Melting Cleansing Cloths Pixi PinkSalt Cleansing Oil Rodan + Fields Microdermabrasion Paste Samson & Charlie Balancing Exfoliating Cleanser Soap & Glory Breakfast Scrub Soap & Glory Flake Away Body Polish The Body Shop Spa Of The World™ African Ximenia Scrub This Works Perfect Legs 100% Natural Scrub Tower 28 Beauty Sos Daily Rescue Facial Spray pronexa Lavish Lash 365 Skin Workout Essentials Multicleanse Beauty Formulas New Skin Glycolic Facial Wash Bumble And Bumble Thickening Volume Shampoo Cien Moisturising Facial Wash Clinique For Men™ Face Wash Deliplus Gel Facial Limpiador Al Agua Dove Go Fresh Cool Moisture Body Wash Dr. Loretta Micro-Exfoliating Cleanser Etude House Lip & Eye Remover Frank Body Shimmer Scrub ISANA med Waschlotion Kaaral Purify Hydra Shampoo Mario Badescu Aloe Vera Toner Natural world Hydration & Shine Shampoo Neutrogena Anti-Residue Shampoo Neutrogena Shampoo, Anti-Residue Formula Real Chemistry Fresh-Start Foaming Cleanser Redken All Soft Mega Shampoo SauberKunst Winterapfel Shampoo Schauma 7 Трав Schwarzkopf Gliss Ultimate Repair Shampoo V05 Detox With Micellar Water Purifying Shampoo ila-spa Face Mask for Renewed Recovery AnteAGE Cleanser Atopalm Real Barrier Control T Cleansing Foam Aveda Color Conserve™ Shampoo